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Goodwin & Co. cigarette and cabinet cards

 Collection
Identifier: BA PHT 044

Scope and Contents Note

A collection of cigarette and cabinet cards issued by Goodwin & Co. to advertise their "Old Judge" and "Gypsy Queen" cigarette brands. The collection consists of full-length studio portraits and posed outdoor action scenes of both Major and Minor League players in the National League, American Association, and the Player's League. The materials date from 1886 to 1890.

Dates

  • 1886-1890

Conditions Governing Access

Materials are open without restrictions but viewing materials does require an appointment. Please contact the Giamatti Research Center, research@baseballhall.org, 607-547-0330.

Conditions Governing Use

The National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum provides use copies of materials to facilitate private study, scholarship, and research. The Museum welcomes you to use materials in our collections that are in the public domain and to make fair use of copyrighted materials as defined by copyright law and with proper citation. Permission to publish materials must be obtained from: Giamatti Research Center, National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum, 25 Main St., Cooperstown, NY 13326 Phone: 607.547.0330 E-mail: research@baseballhall.org

Historical Note

The Goodwins were born in South Berwick, Maine, the children of Ebenezer and Polly (Fernald) Goodwin. There were six children: Ivory (1808-1868), Mary (1810-1891), Ebenezer (1815-1877), Mark (1817-1875), Charles (1821-1884), and William (1824-1871).

All aspiring businessmen, the brothers attempted a variety of different business ventures. Ivory worked into the lumber business in Bangor, Maine. Ebenezer (Eben) partnered with his brother Mark to build ships in South Berwick. Charles was first a flour merchant and then a cracker merchant in New York City, New York. But it was the 1859 partnership between William and Eben and a "patent pressed" chewing tobacco that led to the brothers' most successful endeavor, Goodwin & Co., located on Water Street in New York City.

In 1876, Goodwin & Co. began selling hand rolled cigarettes. In 1877, after the deaths of both William and Eben, the leadership of the company passed to William's widow, Addreatta (b. 1828), and Mary's son, Charles Goodwin Emery (b. 1836). The company purchased the trademarks of several Utica, New York cigarette brands including "Old Judge" which would become the company's top seller.

In the 1880s, companies began to insert a cardboard stiffener into the cigarette packages to prevent damage during transit. It soon became commonplace for cigarette companies, like Goodwin & Co. to replace the blank stiffener with a printed card that advertised the company's products. Many of these cards included landscape scenes and pop culture images, including actresses, boxers, and baseball players. The largest group of baseball player images was issued by Goodwin & Co. for both its "Old Judge" and "Gypsy Queen" lines.

Goodwin & Co. would continue production until 1890 when, due to increased competition, the decision was made to merge with Duke, Allen & Ginter, Kinney, and Kimball to form the American Tobacco Company with Charles Goodwin Emery in the role of treasurer. With this merger, the company ceased production of the cards.

Extent

1 Cubic Feet (in 2 album cases and 2 cabinet card boxes)

3.25 Linear feet

Language of Materials

English

Abstract

A collection of cigarette and cabinet cards issued by Goodwin & Co. to advertise their "Old Judge" and "Gypsy Queen" cigarette brands. The collection consists of full-length studio portraits and posed outdoor action scenes of both Major and Minor League players in the National League, American Association, and the Player's League. The materials date from 1886 to 1890.

Arrangement

The collection is arranged into three series: Series I. Old Judge cigarette cards; Series II. Old Judge cabinet cards; and Series III. Gypsy Queen cigarette cards.

Physical Location

Dean O. Cochran, Jr. Photographic Archives, PC 4-9

Other Finding Aids

Item-level records for images available in the Museum’s Digital Collections at https://collection.baseballhall.org/groups/ba-pht-044-goodwin---co--cigarette-and-cabinet-cards/results

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Gift (BL-1946-00141, BL-2019-00115, B-1942-0010)

Appraisal

Due to the age of the collection, it is unknown if any materials were removed during initial accessioning or processing. No items were removed during the 2019 processing work.

Processing Information

The arrangement scheme for the collection was imposed during processing in absence of original order. No items were removed from the collection.

Materials were placed in acid-free sleeves and boxes. Each sleeve has an accompanying acid-free, light-weight backer with identification information that stabilizes the object within the sleeve. All materials found in the collection without accession numbers were assigned a number at the time of processing. The identification information was assigned using The Photographic Baseball Cards of Goodwin & Company 1886-1890, Old Judge.

Title
Guide to the Goodwin & Co. cigarette and cabinet card collection
Status
Completed
Author
Kelli Bogan
Date
June 2019
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
English
Script of description
Latin

Repository Details

Part of the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum Archives Repository

Contact:
25 Main St.
Cooperstown NEW YORK 13326 USA